India was known to be a “Golden Bird” and got independence in 1947. Our independence was hard fought. British ruled over our land for years. Behind the freedom of our country, there is sweat and blood of the Freedom Fighters of India, who sacrificed their lives in order to attain independence for the country.
Those freedom fighters are the backbone of our country, without whom we would have never thought to be free from British Rule. ‘Free India’ was a dream of all Indians under the British rule. Indian freedom fighters with their true spirit and undaunted courage had faced various tortures, exploitations, and hardships to earn freedom for us. We must respect this freedom and our country.
A salute to all the freedom fighters of our country who selfishly fought for our country, so that people enjoy independence. These freedom fighters are the pride of our country. Their only focus was on seeing an Independent India. For them, all citizens were their family members. As citizens of India, we must know about the freedom fighters of our country. So, let’s have a look at the freedom fighters of our country:
Top Freedom Fighters of India
30. K. M. MUNSHI
Kanhaiyalal Maneklal Munshi (30 December 1887 – 8 February 1971), popularly known as K. M. Munshi, was an Indian independence movement activist, politician, writer and educationist from Gujarat state. Kanhaiyalal Munshi became the member of the Swaraj Party and was the well- known figure during the salt satyagraha in 1930.
29. Peer Ali Khan
Peer Ali Khan One of the first rebels and freedom fighters of India. Khan encouraged people to take up arms during the initial days of the 1857 mutiny. He was among the 14 who was hanged to death for his role in the revolt and he inspired the youth of the nation to take part in the fight for freedom. Ali Khan was believed by some to possess a natural gift of healing, a gift which they say was developed immeasurably through his deep devotion. There are many stories of friends and mureeds receiving help from his touch, his glance, or by prayers and absent healing, but in reply to their thanks he would humbly point to heaven and say, ‘Not I. God.’
28. BHIKAJI KAMA
Bhikaji Cama was one the pioneers of India’s struggle for independence.It is known that she donated all her personal property to an orphanage for girls and there are several names and buildings which are named after her. She founded the famous Paris Indian Society along with Rewabhai Rana and Munchershah Burjorji Godrej. While in Paris, she also became the publisher of “Vande Mataram” a revolutionary magazine. Cama achieved such fame that even famous revolutionaries like Lenin came to meet her in Paris. She was the first Indian to hoist a flag on the foreign land.
27. TIRUPUR KUMARAN
Tirupur was a famous freedom fighter of Tamil Nadu. He was known to be the founder of Desa Bandhu Youth Association and as per the records, he was killed during a protest in 1932. The Indian nationalist flag was banned by the British regime but he was holding the flat and he was shot by the troops. He died holding the flag. He conducted many protest march against the British government in many places of Tamil Nadu. He got more inspiration from the father our Nation Mahatma Gandhi. He followed the procedures and methods which was suggested by Gandhiji in the Indian freedom movement. Tiruppur Kumaran had also participated in Congress movement from the Tiruppur’s contribution.
26. SENAPATI BAPAT
Pandurang Mahadev Bapat (12 November 1880 – 28 November 1967), popularly known as Senapati Bapat, was a figure in the Indian independence movement. He acquired the title of Senapati, meaning commander, as a consequence of his leadership during the Mulshi satyagraha. Senapati Bapat was the leader of Mulshi Satyagraha and after receiving Independence on 15 August 1947, he got a golden chance to hoist the Indian Flag in Pune for the first time. He had been to jail several times and he followed the path of non-violence.
25. TARA RANI SHRIVASTAVA
Tara Rani Srivastava was an Indian freedom fighter, and part of Mahatma Gandhi’s Quit India MovementTata Rani is known for her struggle in the freedom movement. It is known that she led a procession in front of Siwan Police Station along with her husband and her husband was shot during the procession. She simply bandaged the wound of her husband and she moved forward with the procession.
Later when she came back to the spot, her husband was no more. She is the symbol of strength and determination. She is one among the unknown freedom fighters of India.
TOP 30 FREEDOM FIGHTERS OF INDIA
24. MATANGINI HAJRA
Matangini Hazra (19 October 1870 – 29 September 1942) was an Indian revolutionary who participated in the Indian independence movement until she was shot dead by the British Indian police in front of the Tamluk Police Station on 29 September 1942. She was affectionately known as Gandhi buri, Bengali for old lady Gandhi. She died with the words ‘Vande Mataram’ on her lips, holding the Indian flag. In 1977 the Government of West Bengal erected a statue to her in Kolkata.
24. VINOBA BHAVE
Vinoba Bhave (11 September 1895 – 15 November 1982) was an Indian advocate of nonviolence and human rights. Often called Acharya (Sanskrit for teacher), he is best known for the Bhoodan Movement. He is considered as a National Teacher of India and the spiritual successor of Mohandas Gandhi. He was the 1st person to be selected as a Satyagrahi followed by Jawaharlal Nehru in Individual Satyagraha by Mahatma Gandhi.
23. BIPIN CHANDRA PAL
Bipin Chandra Pal was an Indian nationalist. He was among the triumvirate of Lal Bal Pal which consisted of Lala Lajpat Rai, Bal Gangadhar Tilak and himself. He started a magazine, New India, which aimed to be, as he put it, “intensely national in spirit, breathing the deepest veneration for the spiritual, moral and intellectual achievements of Indian civilization and distinctly universal in aspiration”. He was the early proponent of the idea of Swaraj.
23. BEGUM HAZRAT MAHAL
Begum Hazrat Mahal was a great Indian freedom-fighter who played a major role during India’s First War of independence (1857-58). She was also known as the Begum of Awadh (Oudh) and was the wife of the then Lucknow ruler, Nawab Wajid Ali Shah. Her maiden name was Muhammadi Khanum, and she has bestowed the title ‘Hazrat Mahal’ after the birth of their son, Birjis Qadr. Behind Begum Hazrat Mahal’s graceful nature and physical charm lay the qualities of a strong leader and an adroit strategist, which were strongly witnessed through her contributions to India’s first struggle for independence against the British.
22. BAHADUR SHAH ZAFAR
The last Mughal king, Bahadur Shah, better known as Bahadur Shah Zafar, was born in 1775 in Delhi. He was the son of Akbar Shah from his Hindu wife Lalbai. Bahadur Shah, after the death of his father, was placed on the throne in 1837 when he was little over 60 years of age. He was last in the lineage of Mughal emperors who ruled over India for about 300 years. He was one of the famous Muslim freedom fighters of India.
21. RABINDRANATH TAGORE
Tagore, one of the foremost thinkers in the country at the time spent time in building educational infrastructure. A man of true talent, his contribution to the freedom movement is significant. Gandhi has called him Gurudev (The Supreme Teacher).Tagore who gave us our national anthem wrote — ” I have loved India and sought to serve her not because of her geographical magnitude, not because of her great past, but because of my faith in her today and my belief that she will stand for truth and freedom and the higher things of life”.
20. RAM MANOHAR LOHIA
Dr. Rammanohar Lohia, a veteran freedom fighter, great visionary thinker, founder of the Indian socialist movement, a practitioner of Gandhian techniques of resistance and an active exponent of the idea of a world government, was born on March 23, 1910, at Akbarpur, district Faizabad, UP. was an activist for the Indian independence movement and a socialist political leader.
19. RAM PRASAD BISMIL
Ram Prasad Bismil was the famous freedom fighter who was involved in the historic Kakori train robbery. He was born in 1897 in Shahjahanpur, Uttar Pradesh. Ramaprasad joined Arya Samaj. He was also very talented in writing poetry. All of his poems have the intense patriotic feeling. He always wanted to see India as a free nation and dedicated himself to the cause of the country. His team members consisted of great freedom fighters like Ashfaqulla Khan, Chandrasekhar Azad, Bhagawati Charan, Rajguru and many more.
18. DADABHAI NAOROJI
Dadabhai Naoroji was a Parsi Indian political and social leader. He was the first Asian to be a member of the British parliament. Naoroji was a prominent figure and play a significant role in the Indian national movement. He was the founder of the Indian National Congress. His unearthing of colonial economic exploitation is the most important contribution to the Indian national movement. In his book, poverty and British rule in India, he exposed the economic exploitation of India under British rule. He present, drain of wealth theory, which refers to a unilateral transfer of wealth from India to Britain resulting in widespread poverty and severe famines. Naoroji was an economic critic and his work on economic exploitation gave a boost to the Indian national movement and unmasked the real face of imperial rule.
17. ANNIE BESANT
Annie Besant was born in London to Irish parents. In 1893, she left for India having been influenced by the Indian culture and civilization. She was famous as a social worker, educationalist and journalist. She became a staunch supporter of Indian Independence Movement and her contribution to India’s freedom struggle was remarkable. She founded the Home-Rule League. She revived the Theosophical Society. In 1915, she chaired the Calcutta session of the Indian National Congress. She also edited ‘New India’. She established Indian Boy Scouts Association. She received a prestigious award for her work for scouts. She also studied Hinduism. India is indebted to Annie Besant for her immeasurable work for freedom struggle, educational advancements and social reforms.
Sukhdev (1907-1931) was a famous Indian revolutionary who played a major role in the India’s struggle for Independence. He is amongst those great Indian freedom fighters who sacrificed their lives for the freedom of their country. His full name is Sukhdev Thapar and he was born on 15th May, 1907. A devoted leader, he even went on to educate the youth at the National College in Lahore, greatly inspiring them about India’s glorious past. He along with other renowned revolutionaries started the ‘Naujawan Bharat Sabha’ at Lahore that was an organization involved in various activities, mainly gearing the youth for the freedom struggle and putting an end to communalism.
15. BAL GANGADHAR TILAK
Out of the list of freedom fighters of India , Bal Gangadhar Tilak is one of the famous freedom fighter of India. He was the first popular leader of the Indian Independence Movement. The British colonial authorities called him “Father of the Indian unrest.” He was also conferred with the honorary title of “Lokmanya”, which literally means “Accepted by the people (as their leader). He organised the nationalist movement in Maharashtra in order to bring it into conflict with, the British Government. He stalled Home Rule Movement. He united-both wings (moderates and extremists) of Congress Party. He appealed to the people of India to boycott British goods, British courts, schools, and colleges.
TOP 30 FREEDOM FIGHTERS OF INDIA
14. UDHAM SINGH
He is one of the unknown freedom fighters of India. He was present in Jallianwala Bagh on the day of the massacre (13th April, 1919) as a helper and was serving water to people present there. He dedicated his life to the people of our country and soon after, travelled to the USA where he joined the Ghadar Party in search of more comrades. He was gathering Indians overseas to fight the colonial rule back home.
13. TANTIA TOPE
Ramchandra Pandurang Tope, also known as Tantia Tope, was one of the most notable Indian freedom fighters and a general in the Rebellion of 1857. Even with no formal military training, he was one of the effective fighters.He was hanged to death on April 18, 1859 by the British rulers.
12. SAROJINI NAIDU
She is the famous female freedom fighter of India .Known as the “Cuckoo of India”, Sarojini Devi was a distinguished poet, renowned freedom fighter and one of the great orators of her time. Sarojini Naidu joined the Indian national movement in the wake of the Bengal Partition in 1905. She also created awareness among the woman of India and brought them out of the kitchen to work and fight for the country. She also helped to establish the Women’s India Association (WIA) in 1917.
11. Dr. B R AMBEDKAR
Dr. Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar, popularly known as Babasaheb Ambedkar, was a jurist, social reformer and politician. He is also known as the Father of Indian Constitution. One of the greatest freedom fighters in India – Dr B R Ambedkar, who played an instrumental role in eradicating caste system from the country and also framing the Constitution.
10. JAWAHARLAL NEHRU
Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru (1889 – 1964) was one of the prominent leaders of Indian freedom struggle. He was the favourite disciple of Gandhiji and later became the first Prime Minister of India. Nehru is widely recognized as the architect of modern India. He had spent almost 14 years of his life in prison during India’s freedom struggle. The first big involvement of Jawaharlal Nehru came at the onset of the non-cooperation movement in 1920. Nehru joined in whole-heartedly in this Satyagraha based movement that stormed India.
9. LAL BHADUR SASHTRI
Lal Bahadur Shastri was made the second Prime Minister of the Republic India in 1964 and was an important fighter of Indian independence movement. When Mahatma Gandhi launched the non-cooperation movement against British Government and gave a call to the youth to come out of Government schools and colleges, offices and courts and to sacrifice everything for the sake of freedom, Lal Bahadur came out of his school and participated in the movement. Lal Bahadur Shastri joined “The Servants of the People Society” founded by Lala Lajpat Rai in 1921. He gave the slogan of “Jai Jawan, Jai Kisan” to motivate soldiers and farmers when India was facing problems of shortage of food and security threats from Pakistan.
8. SARDAR VALLABHAI PATEL
Sardar Vallabhai Patel was born on the 31st of October 1875, in Gujarat. He was the son of Zaverbhai who had served in the army of the Queen of Jhansi and Ladbai. He was an Indian barrister and statesman, a senior leader of the Indian National Congress and a founding father of the Republic of India who played a leading role in the country’s struggle for independence and guided its integration into a united, independent nation. As the first Home Minister and Deputy Prime Minister of India, Patel organised relief efforts for refugees fleeing from Punjab and Delhi and worked to restore peace across the nation. He led the task of forging a united India.
7. Dr. RAJENDRA PRASAD
Rajendra Prasad was a good political leader, lawyer, statesman and social worker. He took active part in the freedom movements of India. He joined the Indian National Congress in 1911. He was elected as the President of the Indian National Congress during the Bombay session in October 1934. He was sent to Jail many times. He was elected the President of Constituent Assembly on 11 December 1946. Dr. Rajendra Prasad was elected the first President of the Republic of India. He was subsequently awarded the Bharat Ratna, the India’s highest civilian award. He authored many books. He was a great educationist and a man of world fame.
6. RANI LAKSHMI BAI
Rani Lakshmi Bai, the fiery Queen of Jhansi, also known as the Rani of Jhansi, one of the great nationalist heroine of the first war of India freedom. She was the embodiment of bravery, patriotism, self respect, heroism, perseverance, and resistance to British rule. She made the most notable contribution to the freedom struggle of the country by fighting till her last breath for the welfare of women in the country and the cause of India’s independence. She was an inspiration of the successive women freedom fighters. She is one of the famous female freedom fighters of India.
5. MANGAL PANDEY
Mangal Pandey is famous in Indian history as a freedom fighter who gave his life to free the country from the British Raj. He played a key role in the revolt of 1857 also known a Sepoy mutiny of 1857. He is widely known in India as one of its first freedom fighters. Pandey is extensively regarded as a hero in modern India. In the year of 1984, the Indian government issued a postage stamp to honour him. Several movies and stage plays have been based on his life, including the Hindi film ‘Mangal Pandey: The Rising’ and the stage play titled ‘The Roti Rebellion’ in 2005. The impact of his name was so great that the British started calling all soldiers in this freedom battle by the name of ‘Pande’.
TOP 30 FREEDOM FIGHTERS OF INDIA
4. MAHATMA GANDHI
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi is the full name of Mahatma Gandhi. Mahatma Gandhi is also known as the Father of Nation. He is very popular person in Indian History. Due to Mahatma Gandhi’s undefeated contribution, we have got Independence. He always used a weapon Ahimsa(Nonviolence) against British Government. Mahatma Gandhi did Champaran and Kheda Satyagraha, Non-Cooperation Movement, Salt Satyagraha and Quit India Movement against British Government for India Freedom.
3. CHANDRASEKHAR AZAD
Chandrashekhar Azad was a great Indian freedom fighter. His fierce patriotism and courage inspired others of his generation to enter freedom struggle. Chandrasekhar Azad was the mentor Bhagat Singh, and along with Bhagat Singh, he is considered as one of the greatest revolutionaries who dawned in the soil of the nation. He was one of the most important revolutionaries who reorganised the Hindustan Republican Association under the new name of Hindustan Socialist Republican Association (HSRA) after the death of its founder Pandit Ram Prasad Bismil and three other prominent party leaders, Thakur Roshan Singh, Rajendra Nath Lahiri and Ashfaqulla Khan. He was the chief strategist of the HSRA.
2. SUBHAS CHANDRA BOSE
Featuring next on the list of top 30 greatest freedom fighters in the history of India is Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose, who spearheaded the Azad Hind Army to carry out armed struggle against the British Army. He was born in Cuttack in 1897 and died in 1945. He is regarded as the great warrior and as the first freedom fighter of India.
1. BHAGAT SINGH
Bhagat Singh is considered to be one of the most influential revolutionaries of Indian Nationalist Movement. He became involved with numerous revolutionary organizations and played an important role in the Indian National Movement. He died a martyr at the age of just 23 years. Following his execution, on March 23, 1931, the supporters and followers of Bhagat Singh regarded him as a “Shaheed” (martyr). He is one among the famous top 10 freedom fighters of India. Bhagat Singh is often termed as the ‘youth icon’ or the ‘revolutionary of the youth’.
There are other fighters like Arthana Binu who deserve to be in the list, will update the list soon with some new unknown freedom fighters of India.
Some of the famous slogans of freedom fighters of India
“Jai Hind” – Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose
“Vande Matram”- Bankim Chandra Chattophadhyay
“Swaraj Mera Janamsiddh adhikar hai, aur main ise lekar rahunga”- Bal Gangadhar Tilak
‘’Sarfaroshi Ki Tamanna, Ab hamare dil mein hai”- Ramprasad Bismil
‘’Jai jawaan jai kisan’’ – Lal Bahadur Shashtri
‘’Dushmano is goliyon ka hum samna karenge , Azad hi rahe hai, Azad hi rahenge’’ – Chandra Shekhar Azad
‘’Tum Mujhe koon do, mein tume Azaadi dunga’’ – Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose
These are some of the lines of the famous freedom fighters of India. Mentioned above are only 30 freedom fighters of India. There are many more who fought for our nation. A salute to all of them.